Christianity was The Demise of Vikings

What was that? You ask if I am exaggerating when I profess that Christianity was the demise of Vikings.

Well, I will let you answer that for yourself. But, before you answer, please read the following, making sure you go to each of the referenced materials.

“… Norse kings solidified their control over their territories. This created nations as opposed to Viking fiefdoms. Instead of a number of clans and numerous leaders, Scandinavia transformed into medieval kingdoms under solitary kings. These kings held enough power to hold people in check which reduced the amount of raiding.

As Scandinavian monarchies consolidated their power, Christianity replaced the Norse religion of Odin and Thor. Christianity began making inroads into the Viking territories under Charlemagne. He forced the Northern Europeans to convert by the sword. This led to a cultural struggle between Northern Europe and the rest of the continent. Eventually, Christianity defeated the Norse pantheon.”

ref: The End of the Viking Age, Don Keko, Ancient History Examiner,

Viking “raids slowed and stopped because the times changed. It was no longer profitable or desirable to raid. The Vikings weren’t conquered. Because there were fewer and fewer raids, to the rest of Europe they became, not Vikings, but Danes and Swedes and Norwegians and Icelanders and Greenlanders.”

ref: What happened to the Vikings? Where are they now? Did they die off? Were they conquered?, Hurstwic.

“At the beginning of the Viking Age, mainstream Europe was predominantly Christian. The one exception was the Norse people, who had their own pagan beliefs. Vikings who travelled abroad became more exposed to Christianity. The Norse living in the homelands also became convinced of God’s power by visiting missionaries and priests. The Norse population gradually began to accept Christianity. The old religion slowly disappeared as even those who had strong faith in their pagan gods were cruelly forced by Scandinavian kings to convert to Christianity.

As Christianity spread amongst the Norse people, it contributed to the decrease in Viking power. The Norse people no longer practised their pagan beliefs, which placed such great importance on war. Being killed during a battle was believed to be the highest honour which could be bestowed on a warrior. In contrast, Christianity encouraged a more peaceful way of life. The conversion to Christianity resulted in the Vikings losing interest in raiding and, as an alternative, turning their attention to trading. A combination of all of these factors forced the Nordic countries to emerge, for the first time, as part of Christian Europe.”

ref: The end of the Viking Age, Skwirk Online Education.

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The Love Of A Family

The love of a family

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Seed Coworking in Toledo, Ohio

Seed Coworking is Toledo, Ohio’s original cowork community in Downtown Toledo’s historic St. Clair Village.

Seed Coworking is for designers, developers and other independent contractors — or anyone who needs a professional work environment that isn’t your typical office.

Join Toledo’s original cowork community and rub elbows with some of the brightest innovators in the region. Connect with Seedcoworking by clicking over thisaway!

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Mothers Day

Read about Mother’s Day.

Happy Mother’s Day

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SSDI, United States Social Security Death Index

“The Social Security Death Index (SSDI) is a database of death records created from the United States Social Security Administration’s Death Master File Extract. Most persons who have died since 1936 who had a Social Security Number (SSN) and whose death has been reported to the Social Security Administration are listed in the SSDI”
– Read more about the Social Security Death Index from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

You may also wish to visit another website about this useful family research instrument; go on over to The Social Security Death Index, A Genealogy Records Guide.

More interesting reading may be found at the website Ancestry — click on over to U.S., Social Security Death Index, 1935-2014.

A free search mechanism for the SSDI has been provided courtesy of  FamilySearch.

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Who was William Bogdanski, aka Bill Bogdanski?

William Bogdanski, aka Bill Bogdanski, was my stepfather; may he rest on peace. He was always very kind to me.

My mother married “Daddy Bill” on August 13, 1948 in Toledo, Ohio; and, they divorced on March 5, 1956 (Court of Common Pleas of Lucas County Ohio, Domestic Relations Division, Journal Entry No. 43317).

Birth: February 14, 1911
Death: September 11, 1972
Place of Burial: Calvary Cemetery, Toledo, OH, USA
Immediate Family:
Father of Garry Thomas Bogdanski Hansen
Brother of Walter Bogdanski; Frank Bogdanski and Florence Staab

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No Lyin’ Here! Be A Lion.

I sheep you not!!!

“It’s better to be a lion for a day than a sheep all your life.”
~ Elizabeth Kenny

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Roland Louis Hansen, “I AM ME!”

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Elizabeth S. Hansen

Go on over to Google+ to read about my mother’s granddaughter, Elizabeth S. Hansen – the daughter of my mother’s fifth born offspring, Garry.

Just in case the above embedded link does not open or gets broken, the information from G+ as captured on March 15, 2015 is as follows:

Student Editor-in-Chief, Student VP for Phi Kappa Phi, Mentor, Writer/Poet, Intern
Elizabeth S. Hansen is a student at Barrett the Honors College at Arizona State University. She is currently earning bachelor’s degrees in creative writing and communication, as well as a writing certificate, in order to further her career in the publishing industry. She was recently a communication intern with the new Center for Political Thought and Leadership under the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences at ASU. While there, she focused on learning AP Style and how to navigate community calendars, among other things.

This semester she is participating in several organizations, including the Honor Society of Phi Kappa Phi as a recent initiate and current student vice president, the Barrett Mentoring Program as a mentor, and two of ASU’s literary magazines, Superstition Review and Marooned as an intern. She is also completing her honors thesis in poetry, which focuses on reviewing poetry books by established poets, writing a response poem, and writing articles regarding her experiences and research surrounding poetry.

After graduation, she plans on going to graduate school in order to pursue an MA or MMC in communication (journalism).
Bragging rights
International Baccalaureate diploma, Phi Kappa Phi student vice president, Phi Beta Kappa member, National Society of Collegiate Scholars member, Golden Key International Honour Society member.
Arizona State University
Communication (BA), 2011 – present
Arizona State University
Creative Writing (BA), 2011 – present
Arizona State University
Writing (Certificate), 2011 – present
Basic Information
Gender Female
Looking for Networking
Birthday December 5, 1992

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J. K. Simmons said it! – and I agree. Call Your Parents (and Grandparents).

This year, actor J. K. Simmons won his first Oscar for his role in the movie “Whiplash.”

In an unusually moving personal moment at the Oscar ceremonies, during his acceptance speech, Mr. Simmons encouraged viewers to call their parents if they have any living ones remaining (“Don’t text, don’t email, call”).

Check it out over thisaway:
J.K. Simmons Uses Oscar Win To Promote Calling Your Parents

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Agape Love

The Wikipedia article on Agape, begins with this:

Agape (/ˈæɡəpiː/[1] or /ˈæɡəpɪ/;[2] Classical Greek: ἀγάπη, agápē; Modern Greek: αγάπη IPA: [aˈɣapi]), which means “love: esp. brotherly love, charity; the love of God for man and of man for God.”[3] The noun form first occurs in the Septuagint, but the verb form goes as far back as Homer, translated literally as affection, as in “greet with affection” and “show affection for the dead.”[4] Other ancient authors have used forms of the word to denote love of a spouse or family, or affection for a particular activity, in contrast to philia (an affection that could denote friendship, brotherhood or generally non-sexual affection) and eros, an affection of a sexual nature.

Agape developed in Christian theology as the love of God or Christ for humankind. In the New Testament, it refers to the covenant love of God for humans, as well as the human reciprocal love for God; the term necessarily extends to the love of one’s fellow man.[5]

Read the entire article by clicking over to Agape, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

From The Free Dictionary By Farlex, we read the following in regards to agape love:

Noun 1. agape love – selfless love of one person for another without sexual implications (especially love that is spiritual in nature)agape love – selfless love of one person for another without sexual implications (especially love that is spiritual in nature)

Got Questions Ministries starts one of its wep pages with:

Question: “What is agape love?”

Answer: The Greek word agape is often translated “love” in the New Testament. How is “agape love” different from other types of love? The essence of agape love is self-sacrifice. Unlike our English word “love,” agape is not used in the Bible to refer to romantic or sexual love. Nor does it refer to close friendship or brotherly love, for which the Greek word philia is used. Nor does agape mean “charity,” a term which the King James translators carried over from the Latin. Agape love is unique and is distinguished by its nature and character.

Open another browser by clicking here to read the rest of that web page.

And then there is the web page from “About Religion” that starts out with:

Definition: Agape is selfless, sacrificial, unconditional love, the highest of the four types of love in the Bible.

This Greek word and variations of it are found throughout the New Testament. Agape perfectly describes the kind of love Jesus Christ has for his Father and for his followers ….

Read the whole thing by clinking on the following embedded link:

What Is Agape?
Agape Love in the Bible
By Jack Zavada
Christianity Expert

Over thisaway, you may view agape love images.

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Learn about Valentine’s Day.

I bet you do not know that “Valentine’s Day is named for a Christian martyr and dates back to the 5th century, but has origins in the Roman holiday Lupercalia.”

Go on over to get Valentine’s Day – Facts, Origin, Meaning & Videos – History courtesy of

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My Best Buddy, Boo.

Boo is a rescue dog, turned certified (via Therapy Dogs International) therapy dog. He is my best buddy. Here is a photo of little Boo, a 4-year old 10 pound fox face Pomeranian, sporting his Fox haircut: Here is another photo of Boo sporting a new blue sweater for your viewing pleasure:

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Richard James Hansen, USMC Retired, Gone But Not Forgotten.

Today is the anniversary of the birth of my brother, Richard James Hansen, USMC Retired. Had Rich not died 17 months ago, today he would have been 70 years old. And again as I have before, I renew my pledge in my efforts at continuing to strive to become a better person.

In remembrance of and in respect to my brother and Marine veteran, Richard James Hansen, USMC Retired, I ask that you please read my previous Roland’s Ramblings entry, In Honor of my brother Richard James Hansen (January 10, 1945 – August 16, 2013), along with its embedded links.

It is my sincere desire that people remember Rich and his time here in this world. May he always be remembered!

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