There was a Jewish family of a priest in the Second and First Century B.C.E. that brought about a restoration of Jewish political and religious life. That family is The Maccabees.
Upon the death in 166 BCE of the patriarchal head of the family, the priest Mattathias, who had started a revolt against Antiochus IV Epiphanes, who had issued decrees that forbade Jewish religious practices, Judah Maccabee, aka or Judas Maccabeus, assumed leadership of the family and its followers.
According to Who2 Biographies, Judas Maccabeus Biography:
Judas Maccabeus led the Jewish people in recapturing their temple from Syrian occupying forces in 164 B.C., according to the ancient Greek books known as 1 and 2 Maccabees.
Judas Maccabeus should not be confused with Judas Iscariot, a disciple of Jesus of Nazareth.
Click on the embedded link above to read the entire article.
Another website starts out:
Judas Maccabeus (or Judah Maccabee, also spelled Machabeus, or Maccabaeus, Hebrew: יהודה המכבי, Y’hudhah HamMakabi, Judah the Hammer) was a Kohen and a son of the Jewish priest Mattathias. He led the Maccabean revolt against the Seleucid Empire (167-160 BC) and is acclaimed as one of the greatest warriors in Jewish history alongside Joshua, Gideon and David.
The Jewish feast of Hanukkah (“Dedication”) commemorates the restoration of Jewish worship at the temple in Jerusalem in 165 BC, after Judah Maccabee removed the pagan statuary.
Click right here to read that entire article.
While all those referenced web pages contain some good information about The Maccabees and about Judas Maccabeus, if you desire more comprehensive information about Judah Maccabee, I suggest you go to yet another web page to read Judas Maccabeus by Richard Gottheil and Samuel Krauss.