According to the medical dictionary of The Free Dictionary By Farlex, Adlerian Psychology is “a branch of psychoanalysis that focuses on physical security, sexual satisfaction, and social integration.”
ref: adlerian psychology, The Free Dictionary
Alfred Adler was a psychiatrist, who “was born on February 7, 1870 in the suburbs of Vienna. He was the second son and third child of a Jewish grain merchant and his wife. Alfred did not walk until he was four because he suffered from rickets. At the age of five, he almost died of pneumonia. These events are what motivated him to became a physician.”
ref: Alfred Adler (1870 – 1937), Compiled by Molly Fisher (May 2001), a web page of the web site of Muskingum University. Click on that embedded link in order to read more about Alfred Adler.
Alfred Adler “believed that it was imperative to become intimately familiar with a person’s social context by exploring factors such as birth order, life style and parental education. Adler was under the firm belief that each person strives to belong and feel significant. Adler was a pioneer in the area of holistic theory on personality, psychotherapy and psychopathology and believed that a person will be more responsive and cooperative when he is encouraged and harbors feeling of adequacy and respect. Conversely, when a person is thwarted and discouraged, he will display counter-productive behaviors that present competition, defeat and withdrawal.”
ref: Adlerian Psychology / Psychotherapy, GoodTherapy.org. If you wish, you may click onto that embedded link to explore and read more of that web page.
For something rather unique, I would like to suggest you view and listen to the video A brief description of Adlerian Psychology which is set to music.