Back on December 15, 2006, I wrote in Roland’s Ramblings of my mother’s birthplace, Podolia Guberniya.
Well, in the intervening years, upon doing more research of my maternal heritage, I have learned that Podolia was once in The Pale, as that area of the historical Imperial Russia is known in English, or to be more exact, The Pale of Settlement, the area of “Eastern Europe where most Jews lived in the 18th-19th centuries.”
As I read in the the Free Dictionary Encyclopedia article:
The Pale of Settlement (Russian: Черта́ осе́длости, chertá osédlosti) was the term given to a region of Imperial Russia, in which permanent residency by Jews was allowed, and beyond which Jewish permanent residency was generally prohibited. It extended from the eastern pale, or demarcation line, to the western Russian border with the Kingdom of Prussia (later the German Empire) and with Austria-Hungary.
If you are interested in reading more about the Pale of Settlement, I suggest you click over to Britannica Student Encyclopedia / Pale of Settlement, Jewish.
Also, another article I read, begins with:
A portion of Russia in which Jews are allowed to reside. Unlike other Russian subjects, the Jewish inhabitants do not generally possess the natural right of every citizen to live unrestrictedly in any place in the empire. Furthermore, they are permitted to leave the Pale of Settlement—that is, to move to another place for permanent or for temporary residence—only under certain conditions defined by law.
Click on over to read that entire Jewish Encyclopedia Pale Of Settlement article.
Oh, my! The Pale of Settlement images that come into mind!